Table of Contents:

    Articles

    Comparison of Motivational Techniques Used by Elementary School Teachers in Pakistan

    Author: Zafar Masaud, Muhammad Qasim Ali, Mehmood Ul Hassan, Saadia Nazli
    Keywords: Elementary School, Motivational Techniques, goals
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 1-8

    Abstract | PDF

    Reflections on Common Mistakes of Prospective Teachers During Practicum

    Author: Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Mahmood Ul Hassan, Muhammad Qasim Ali
    Keywords: Prospective Teachers, Reflective Practices, Professional Development, Common Mistakes, Teaching Practicum
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 9-20

    Abstract | PDF

    Exploring SMS (Short Message Service) as Language Variations: A Reflection on English Language Users in Pakistan

    Author: Qaisar Mahmood, Sumara Iqbal, Syeda Shaista Batool Zaidi, Muhammad Ahmad
    Keywords: Short Message Service (SMS), English, linguistic systems
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 21-30

    Abstract | PDF

    Effects of Physical Classroom Environment on the Literacy Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis of Teaching Writing Skill

    Author: Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Mehmood Ul Hassan, Muhammad Qasim Ali
    Keywords: Literacy, physical classroom environment, learners, class room facilities
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 31-35

    Abstract | PDF

    Measuring the Validity of the Instrument of Information Asymmetry, Accounting Information, Personal Values, Investment Satisfaction and Investor Decision: An Empirical Analysis of Pakistani Stock Exchanges

    Author: Babar Khalid, Ahmed Imran Hunjra
    Keywords: Information Asymmetry, Accounting Information, Personal Values, Investment Satisfaction, Investment Decision, Pakistani Stock Exchanges, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Convergent Validity
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 36-54

    Abstract | PDF

    Parallel Bodies in Sports Industry: Risk to Reputation, Regulatory Process, Resources and Talent

    Author: Binish Khan, Ghulam Abid, Alia Ahmed
    Keywords: parallel bodies, sport industry, sport federation, risk event, magnitude of risk
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 1-9

    Abstract | PDF

    Crude Oil Price and Inflation in Pakistan

    Author: Saba Saleem, Khalil Ahmad
    Keywords: Pakistan, Oil prices, inflation, exchange rate, interest rate, indirect taxes
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 10-18

    Abstract | PDF

    Analysis of the Communication Skills at Graduation Level in Pakistan

    Author: Muhammad Azhar, Ayesha Javed, Maryam Bibi
    Keywords: Education, Communication, Business, Teachers
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 19-23

    Abstract | PDF

    Child Trade-Off Theory: A Theoretical Discussion on the Structure, Causes, Consequences and Eradication of Child Labor

    Author: Ghulam Abid, Binish Khan, Zeeshan Rafiq, Alia Ahmed
    Keywords: Child Labor, Schooling, Causes, Consequences and Eradications
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 24-34

    Abstract | PDF

    Determinants of retail service quality – an empirical evidence from Pakistan

    Author: Jahanzaib Ali, Abul Mannan, Khalil Ahmad
    Keywords: Service Quality, Retail Service Quality Scale, Supermarket, Pakistan
    JEL Code:
    Pages: 35-42

    Abstract | PDF