DETERMINANTS OF DEATH RATES IN PAKISTAN: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
SHAHID MANZOOR SHAH , NOORIA SHAMS-U-DIN
Shah, S. M. and Shams-U-Din, N. (2020). Determinants of Death Rates in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis. Bulletin of Business and Economics, 9(3), 141-150.
This paper presents a wide look on the present condition of less develop country like Pakistan. In Pakistan, there is poor water, sanitation and environmental protection services which further cause to increase diarrhea and other health related problems. Heavy metals polluted the environment badly. The water and sanitation extension program (WASEP) project, handled in selected villages in Northern Pakistan between 1997 and 2001, was designed to deliver a rid of segregated package of activities to improve clean water supply at village and household levels, sanitation facilities and their use, and awareness and practices about hygiene behavior. The primary basis of the decade is to improve the health of the people: as PSLM report, diarrhea is seriously affected the children especially the new born. Diarrhea disease is the second chief cause of death in children under the age of five. Highest percentage of diarrhea cases were reported in Baluchistan with 11% n 2014-15 as compared to 14% in 2012-13 & lowest cases were reported in Sindh with 6% in 2014-2016 as compared to 9% in 2012-13. Peshawar with 16%, Kalat with 31% have the highest percentage of cases reported with diarrhea in last 30 days within particular provinces. This study was examined on the northern areas of Pakistan and concluded that there are more than 9% diseases emerged due to improper water and sanitation services. Most likely 4 billion cases of diarrhea annually comprise, 5.7% of the global disease burden in the year 2000(according to the WHO report of 2002). One of the major problems is the installation of conserved resources that are far away from the home. The transportation of water, the quality of water is quite lower in home as compared to the source. Government of Pakistan should make policies that aim to improve water quality through source improvements. Household water storage must be taken into account.
Diarrhea, Sanitation, Crude Death Rate, CO2 Emission, Sustainable, Adulterate, Enrollment Rate
Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH)
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