Effects of Physical Classroom Environment on the Literacy Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis of Teaching Writing Skill
Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Mehmood Ul Hassan, Muhammad Qasim Ali
Iqbal, M. Z., Hassan, M. U., & Ali, M. Q. (2015). Effects of Physical Classroom Environment on the Literacy Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis of Teaching Writing Skill. Journal of Policy Research, 1(1), 31-35.
Physical classroom environment plays a fundamental role in the academic success or failure of students and serves as a means to build the necessary basic skills for literacy development among students in a deliberate and intensive way. Physical classroom environment includes: a broad range of educational facilities, including: reading and writing materials, various types of equipment, physical settings, and instructional components. Many students come to classroom with exposure to literacy. Students who already have an exposure to early literacy can get benefit from teachers’ instructions in a better way. Student having no exposure to literacy may face difficulties to interact with the literacy contents. The purpose of this paper was to study the effects of classroom physical settings on the literacy outcomes at early grades. Paper explores finings of previous studies. Moreover, paper aimed to study the imperative basic facilities to facilitate the learners in development of literacy skills. Findings of the study conducted on physical class room environment revealed that availability of basic facilities in the classroom plays a vital role to promote the literacy skills of early grade students.
Literacy, physical classroom environment, learners, class room facilities
Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH)
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