Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE)

ISSN - 2414-1771 (Print)

ISSN - 2409-9368 (Online)

Macro-Economic Determinants of Fertility Rate: A case study of Pakistan


Sheraz Ali Khan, NazishTehseen


Khan, S. A. and Tehseen, N. (2017). Macro-Economic determinants of fertility rate: A case study of Pakistan. Bulletin of Business and Economics, 6(4), 166-174.


The aim of this study is to find out the macro-economic determinants of fertility rate in Pakistan. This study used time series data for assessing the model over the period of 1971 to 2014. The VECM model is used for short run and ARDL technique is utilized to find out long run association between dependent and independent variables. The empirical results of this study argue that for achieving low level of fertility rate, government should increase secondary school enrollment and try to increase life expectancy by introducing new medical reforms and provide advance medical facilities. Fertility rate in Pakistan can also be control by controlling inflation and urbanization rate. The results of the short run also show the convergence in the long run. The statistics shows that inflation rate and urbanization rate is positively related to fertility rate while secondary school enrollment rate and life expectancy at birth rate has negative impact on fertility rate in short run as well as in long run.


Fertility rate, Secondary School Enrollment, Life Expectancy

Jel Code:

J13, E24, J17

Article Type:

Research Paper




Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH)

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