Unemployment Rate, Population Density and Crime Rate in Punjab (Pakistan): An Empirical Analysis
Mohamad Kassem, Amjad Ali, Marc Audi
Kassem, M. Ali, A. and Audi, M. (2019). Unemployment Rate, Population Density and Crime Rate in Punjab (Pakistan): An Empirical Analysis. Bulletin of Business and Economics, 8(2), 92-104.
This article has examined the impact of unemployment, population density and amount of remittances, industrialization on crime rate among the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. The data has been composed from Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, the Multiple Indicator Cluster survey (MICS), Punjab Development Statistics (2018). The Johansen cointegration method has been applied for examining the relationship among variables. The results show that unemployment and population density have a positive impact on crime rate among the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. The outcomes reveal that the amount of remittances, industrialization and social infrastructure have a negative and significant impact on crime rate among the districts of Punjab. This study recommends that for reduction in crimes, the government of Punjab should control unemployment and population density and the same time enhance industrialization, social infrastructure with the amount of remittances. On the basis of previous literature and our findings, it has been concluded that unemployment is the mother of crime.
unemployment rate, population density, crime rate, industrialization
E24, Q56, Z21
Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH)
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